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High School:

Northeast Jones (Mississippi)

Colleges:

Nicholls State University

Jones County Junior College

Athletics Coaching assignments:

  • 8A, 8B, Football
  • 8B Basketball
  • Soccer
  • Track

 

  1. Greetings!  We have wonderful students, involved parents, and excellent teachers here at MMS and it makes us one of the best schools in the state! We take great pride in our success both in the classroom and on the field.  We strive for excellence and success! Please feel free to contact me with any questions or concerns you may have.

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U.S. History Spring Exam Study Guide

NEW REPUBLIC

Washington’s precedents-Establishment of the cabinet; only serving two terms; “Mr. President”,

Adding “So help me God” to the oath; Giving the Farewell Address

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Washington’s cabinet-Secretary of Treasury: Alexander Hamilton; Secretary of War: Henry Knox; Secretary of State: Thomas Jefferson

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Anti-Federalists-Jefferson & Madison; weak national government; became the Democratic-Republican Party

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XYZ Affair-Incident in which 3 French agents tried to bribe American representatives

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John Jay-Nation’s first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court

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Tariffs-tax on imported goods; U.S. government got most of its income from tariffs in 1790

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Strict interpretation-whatever is not mentioned specifically in the Constitution cannot be done

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National bank-Hamilton argued that it was an implied power in the Constitution to be able to set up a national bank; he said it would give the government a safe place to keep money & make loans

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Election of 1796-the president and vice-president were from different political parties; John Adams was a Federalist, and Thomas Jefferson was a Democratic-Republican

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Alien and Sedition Acts-Violated the first amendment because they clamped down on the freedom of speech and press

Washington’s Farewell Address-warned the nation of the rise of political parties, political divisions based upon geographic loyalties; long term involvement in European affairs

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Whiskey Rebellion-people that disagreed with the government’s tax on whiskey rebelled; Washington crushed the rebellion to show the strength of the national government

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Hamilton’s financial plan-pay off all war debts; raise government revenues; create a national bank

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John Adams-second president off the U.S.; first vice president of the U.S.; a Federalist

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Judiciary Act of 1789-created a court system with six members of the Supreme Court

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THE AGE OF JEFFERSON

Embargo Act of 1807-was passed to make England and France respect American trade rights; it was repealed because it was ruining the U.S. economy

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Election of 1800-Jefferson & Burr tied the election so it was sent to the House of Representatives; the tie was broken when the House elected Jefferson

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Causes of the War of 1812-the British navy was impressing American sailors; the British were violating American trade rights; some “war hawks” were calling for war so they could gain control of Canada

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Effects of the War of 1812-no territory changed hands; no one won and no one lost; the U.S. experienced a surge in patriotism; American industry flourished

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War Hawks-politicians in favor of war; in the War of 1812, they wanted to gain control of Canada

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Marbury v. Madison-gave the Supreme Court the power of judicial review

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John Marshall-strong Chief Justice of the Supreme Court; attributed to gaining the power of judicial review

Judicial Review-the Supreme Court’s power to declare laws (both state & federal) as unconstitutional; the power to interpret the Constitution

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Louisiana Territory-territory purchased from France

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Lewis and Clark Expedition-Jefferson sent them out to explore the newly acquired Louisiana Territory; the explored as far west as the Pacific Ocean

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Louisiana Purchase-Jefferson bought the Louisiana Territory in 1803 from Napoleon Bonaparte; the purchase more than doubled the size of the U.S.

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Impressment- the British were impressing American sailors before the War of 1812, they

kidnapping them and forcing them to work on British ships

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Sacagawea-Native American that acted as a guide for Lewis and Clark

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Francis Scott Key-author of the “Star-Spangled Banner”

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Zebulon Pike-leader of the expedition that set out to find the sources of the Arkansas and Red rivers

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Treaty of Ghent-treaty that ended the War of 1812; no territory changed hands

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James Madison-the president during the War of 1812

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Thomas Jefferson’s accomplishments-he helped to design Washington, D.C.; he wrote the Declaration of Independence; he bought the Louisiana Territory…

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1803-the year the Louisiana Purchase was made

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Battle of New Orleans-fought after the War of 1812 was over; made Andrew Jackson a war hero           

NATIONALISM & SECTIONALISM

Nationalism-extreme pride in a country; American nationalism surged after the War of 1812

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Sectionalism-people more concerned with the interests of their own region than their country

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Industrial Revolution-time period in which the economy moved towards mechanized production

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Male suffrage-in the early 1800’s male suffrage was extended to males who did not own property

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Monroe Doctrine-President Monroe’s statement that the Western Hemisphere was no longer open to colonization by Europe

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Railroads-increased sectionalism because they were mostly in the North and ran from east to west

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Cotton gin-revolutionized the economy of the South and caused the need for more slaves

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Missouri Compromise-provided for the admission of Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state; created a balance between slave and free states in the Union

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McCulloch v. Maryland-reaffirmed the U.S. government’s right to create a national bank

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Gibbons v. Ogden-reaffirmed the U.S. government’s right to regulate interstate commerce

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Capitalist system-economic system that involves profit, private property and free enterprise

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Characteristics of Southern leaders-wealthy planters

Types of people that worked in Northern factories-immigrants

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James Monroe-president that created the Monroe Doctrine

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THE AGE OF JACKSON

Jacksonian Democracy-central principle was to spread political power to common people

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Protective tariff-intended to encourage the growth of northern industries

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Spoils System-Jackson’s policy of rewarding faithful followers with political offices

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Democratic Party-the Democratic-Republican Party split when Adams & Jackson disagreed on many issues; Jackson became the first Democratic Party president

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Trail of Tears-route taken by the Cherokees when they were being removed from their land in Georgia to the Indian Territory in Oklahoma

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Cherokee Nation-Native American tribe that was forced to leave their land because of the Indian Removal Act

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Indian Removal Act-law that forced Native American to give up their land because white people wanted it; forced them to move to the Indian Territory

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Tariff of Abominations-tariff passed to help northern industries; it ended up hurting the southern economy; it was called the tariff of abominations because the south hated them

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Doctrine of Nullification-it was triggered in response to strong opposition to the tariff of abominations; Calhoun said that the state had the right to nullify or reject a federal law that it considered unconstitutional

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Daniel Webster-debated Robert Hayne; he was against nullification

John C. Calhoun-vice president who resigned over the issue of nullification

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Webster-Hayne Debate-Robert Hayne: for nullification against Daniel Webster: against nullification

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States’ Rights-the idea that the state has the right to go against the national government

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Jackson’s war on the bank-Jackson opposed the national bank because he thought its policies favored the wealthy over the average people

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Panic of 1837-state banks were printing too much paper money; caused inflation; people became worried about the health of the nation’s economy; Martin Van Buren was blamed for the panic

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Kitchen cabinet-Jackson’s informal cabinet that he met with for advice; it weakened the power of the cabinet

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Whig Party-formed in response to Jackson; Harrison was a Whig that was elected in 1840

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Martin Van Buren-the vice president for Jackson in his second term; was blamed for the Panic of 1837; he was not re-elected

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William Henry Harrison-member of the Whig Party; was elected in 1840 because of his popularity from the War of 1812

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WESTWARD EXPANSION

Manifest Destiny-principle that called for the U.S. to spread across the continent to its natural borders

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Mormons-religious group that faced persecution and decided to head west; settled in present day Utah

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Joseph Smith-leader of the Mormons; was killed

Brigham Young-leader of the Mormons after Joseph Smith was killed; he led the Mormons to Utah

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Mexican War-war fought with Mexico over a dispute in the border of Texas and Mexico

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Mexican Cession-land ceded by Mexico as a result of the Mexican war; contained the southwest portion of the U.S.

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California Gold Rush-people rushed to California in hopes to find gold in 1849

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49ers-nickname of people that moved to California in hopes to become rich

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Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo-treaty that ended the Mexican War

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Gadsden Purchase-purchased in hopes to build a southern transcontinental railroad

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Northern boundary of Oregon-49th parallel, settled in a compromise with Great Britain

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Adams-Onís Treaty-treaty that gave the U.S. control of Florida

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Bear Flag Revolt-revolt in which rebels declared California independent of Mexico

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James K. Polk-president that made Manifest Destiny policy

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Texas Revolution-Texas rebelled against Mexico’s government

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Mountain Men-men that lived out west and trapped beavers; Jim Beckwourth

Using the map below, record how the U.S. acquired each territory.

E

 

5-Oregon Territory; this land was occupied jointly by the U.S. & Great Britain from 1818 to 1846; the 49th parallel was made the northern boundary of Oregon in a compromise with Great Britain

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6-Mexican Cession; land was ceded by Mexico as a result of the Mexican War

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7-Gadsden Purchase; land was purchased in the hopes of creating a southern transcontinental railroad

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4-Texas Annexation

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E-Ceded by Great Britain in 1818

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3-Florida Cession- gained control because of the Adams-Onis Treaty

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2-Louisiana Purchase- land purchased from France in 1803

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1-Treaty of Paris to end the American Revolution- gave U.S. control of the land to the Mississippi River

SLAVERY & REFORM

Abolitionist Movement-movement that sought to end slavery

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Transcendentalism-it was led by Henry David Thoreau; it urged people to follow their own conscience and not obey laws they considered unjust; civil disobedience; it taught that people could find truth within themselves

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Underground Railroad-routes that slaves used to escape to the North

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Harriet Tubman-famous conductor that led many escaped slaves to the North

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Fugitive Slave Laws-series of laws that required people in the North to turn in run away slaves

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Second Great Awakening-surge in religious thought; caused people to want to change society

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Prison Reform-reformers wanted criminals to be rehabilitated

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Frederick Douglass-effective abolitionist speaker because he had been a slave himself

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Sojourner Truth- effective abolitionist speaker because she had been a slave herself

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African-American literacy-in the south it was illegal to teach a slave to read

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Temperance Movement-promoted the end of selling alcohol

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Civil Disobedience-reform society without violence; Henry David Thoreau

Henry David Thoreau-taught to use civil disobedience when trying to reform society

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Seneca Falls Convention-organized by Elizabeth Cady Stanton; sought to get equal rights for women

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Elizabeth Cady Stanton-women’s rights activist; organized the Seneca Falls Convention

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Susan B. Anthony-women’s rights activist

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CAUSES OF THE CIVIL WAR

Compromise of 1850-provided for the admission of Texas as a slave state and California as a free state

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Henry Clay-the Great Compromiser in 1820 and 1850

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Harriet Beecher Stowe-wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin

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Effects of Uncle Tom’s Cabin-it angered southerners because they said the book did not portray slavery accurately

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Kansas-Nebraska Act-said that people in Kansas and Nebraska could vote over the issue of slavery; popular sovereignty

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Popular Sovereignty-people have the ultimate say in what happens in their government; the Kansas-Nebraska act called for popular sovereignty

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Dred Scott v. Sanford-Dred Scott was a slave that sued for his freedom after having visited a free state with his owner

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Election of 1860-Lincoln won the election because he won all of the Northern states

Bleeding Sumner-Charles Sumner was attacked because of a speech that he made against proslavery forces in Kansas

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Confederate States of America-the separate, foreign country the South formed when they seceded

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Roger B. Taney-the Supreme Court justice that decided Dred Scott’s case; argued that Congress could not ban slavery in the territories

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Bleeding Kansas-mini civil war broke out in Kansas over the issue of popular sovereignty and slavery

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John Brown-raided Harper’s Ferry in order to get weapons to inspire slaves to fight for their freedom

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Lincoln-Douglas Debates-series of debates between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas over the issue of slavery

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Jefferson Davis-president of the Confederacy

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Secession-seven states seceded; South Carolina was the first

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THE CIVIL WAR

Strengths of South-able military officers; defense war; a real cause

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Strengths of North-larger population; more railroads; more industry

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Lincoln’s main goal during the war-preserve the Union

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Anaconda Plan-blockade the Southern coastline; capture the Confederate capital; dived the

South by controlling the Mississippi; the Union blockade resulted in trade being cut off between the South and Europe

Emancipation Proclamation-issued by Lincoln; freed the slaves in the rebelling states; did not free slaves in the Union

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Gettysburg Address-given to honor dead soldiers who were buried at the battlefield cemetery

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Pickett’s Charge-deadly charge by Pickett’s men that occurred at the Battle of Gettysburg

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Surrender at Appomattox Court House-General Grant gave Lee favorable terms; Southern soldiers were allowed to keep their horses and go home

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Ft. Sumter-the first shots of the Civil War were fired here

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Richmond-Confederate capital; Grant took Richmond after the Battle of Petersburg

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King Cotton-the South’s plan to withhold cotton from the world market in order to get European help

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Antietam-bloodiest battle of the Civil War

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Border States-slave states; Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, Missouri, and West Virginia

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Vicksburg-after this battle, the North finally had control of the entire Mississippi and had cut the South in half

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Robert E. Lee-commander of the Southern forces

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Ulysses S. Grant-commander of the Northern forces

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13th Amendment- abolished slavery in the U.S.

Lincoln’s assassination-assassinated by John Wilkes Booth at Ford’s Theater in Washington, D.C.

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William T. Sherman-Northern commander; total war strategy, burned the South; Sherman’s march to the sea

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Gettysburg-Pickett’s Charge took place here; many deaths on both sides

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RECONSTRUCTION

Andrew Johnson-President at the beginning of Reconstruction; wanted to follow Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction; radical republicans felt he didn’t take things far enough

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14th Amendment-defined citizenship; made former slaves citizens of the U.S.

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15th Amendment-gave all men the right to vote regardless of their race and previous conditions of servitude

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Carpetbaggers-northerners that moved to the South after the war; they wanted to capitalize on the losses of southerners

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Scalawags-Southerners that joined the Republican Party after the war; they were hated by wealthy Southerners and considered traitors

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Radical Republicans-people in Congress that wanted to punish the South after the war

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Ku Klux Klan-group formed to intimidate African Americans so they would not participate in politics

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Black Codes-created as a way to control former slaves; could not serve on juries; had to have jobs

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Freedmen’s Bureau-group formed to aid African Americans and whites; provide food & an education

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